Connectors for Furniture: A Guide to Furniture Panel Clips, Connectors, and Hardware

When assembling furniture, having the right connectors is crucial for creating sturdy joints and seamless assembly. Furniture connectors come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and materials to accommodate different furniture styles and construction needs.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the most common types of connectors used in furniture making and assembly.

Furniture Panel Clips

Furniture panel clips create strong connections between vertical panels, like cabinet sides, and horizontal panels like shelves and tops.

Popular options include:

90 Degree Angle Brackets

These metal brackets join two panels at a 90 degree angle. The flat sides screw into the panels, while the bent corner piece joins them. Angle brackets work for many basic cabinet constructions.

Table Top Fasteners

Designed specifically for securing tabletops, these connectors grip from underneath to attach the top to the aprons or legs. Common choices are Z-clips, figure-8 fasteners, and table top clips.

Drawer Slides

Mounted to the drawer sides, these allow smooth sliding motion for opening and closing. Full extension slides provide complete access to the drawer interior.

Hettich Connectors

Hettich is a leading brand of sturdy metal brackets for cabinets and furniture. They specialize in 90 degree joints, drawer slides, and hinges.

Furniture Panel Connectors

Panel connectors create joints where furniture panels meet at various angles and intersections:

Tee Nuts

A tee nut has a rectangular base that slides into a slot in one panel, while the nut receives a bolt through the joining piece. This makes a strong connection.

Bed Bolts

These join panels at intersections using a threaded bolt that screws into a pre-drilled hole in one panel and a barrel nut embedded in the mating panel.

Corner Braces

L-shaped metal braces attach at a 45 or 90 degree angle intersection between two panels. The flat sides screw into each panel.

Pocket Hole Screws

A pocket hole jig allows driving angled screws into one panel so they join securely to an adjoining panel. This creates an invisible joint.

Shelf Pins and Supports

Shelf pins and supports hold shelves or divider panels securely at adjustable heights:

Metal Shelf Pins

These slide into pre-drilled holes in cabinet sides or bookcase frames. Shelves rest on the pins.

Floating Shelf Brackets

Brackets designed for floating shelves have a discreet L-shape. One leg mounts to the wall while the other supports the shelf.

Mid-Span Shelf Supports

Placed underneath, these provide support at the midpoint between two panels or cabinets so shelves don’t sag.

Glass Shelf Brackets

Clear acrylic or metal shelf brackets nearly disappear while securely supporting glass shelves.

Furniture Legs and Feet

Legs and feet lift furniture off the floor and provide stability:

Threaded Inserts

Inserts go inside the legs to receive bolts through pre-drilled holes in the furniture frame or apron.

Leg Levelers

Adjustable feet compensate for uneven floors. Just twist to raise or lower each leg.

Hairpin Legs

U-shaped tubular metal legs give furniture a light, airy look. The top curves attach with screws.

Sofa and Table Legs

Traditional turned wood legs, tapered square legs, or sleek metal legs come in many styles for upholstered furniture and tables.

Specialty Furniture Hardware

Beyond basic connectors, some unique specialty hardware includes:

Drawer and Door Pulls

Decorative hardware pulls add visual interest and make doors and drawers easy to open by hand.

Catches and Stays

Keep doors and lids securely closed with magnetic catches, hydraulic stops, or friction stays.


A wide selection of hinges is available for doors, lids, drop-fronts, and flip-down surfaces.

Sliding Door Hardware

Special track sets allow doors and shelves to smoothly slide open and closed.

Choosing the Right Connectors

With many types of connectors to choose from, consider factors like:

  • Furniture style and aesthetics
  • Strength needed for the joint
  • Ease of installation
  • Visibility of the finished connector
  • Budget

With the proper furniture connectors installed correctly, your finished furniture will have clean lines, sturdy joints, and flawless functionality. Be sure to use quality hardware designed for furniture making to get professional results.

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